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Native American Political Systems
and the Evolution of Democracy:

An Annotated Bibliography

Bruce E. Johansen
Professor of Communication and
Native American Studies
University of Nebraska at Omaha


Books, Scholarly, and Specialty Journals

(*) __________. "Applauding Our Constitution: Hands-on Creative Lessons." Winston-Salem, N.C.: Center for Research and Development in Law-related Education, 1989.

__________. "Williamsburg Conference[:] Anthropologists Challenge Confederacy." Akwesasne Notes 21:2 (Spring, 1989), p. 18.

(*) Ball, Milner S. "Legal Storytelling: Stories of Origin and Constitutional Possibilities." Michigan Law Review 87 (August, 1989), p. 2280.

(*) Bruchac, Joseph, ed. New Voices From the Longhouse. Greenfield Center, N.Y.: Greenfield Review Press, 1989.

Burton, Bruce A. "Squanto's Legacy: the Origin of the Town Meeting." Northeast Indian Quarterly 6:4(Winter, 1989), pp. 4-9.

Clay, Jason W. "Radios in the Rainforest..." Technology Review, October, 1989, p. 52.

Clifton, James A. Being and Becoming Indian: Biographical Studies of North American Frontiers. Chicago: The Dorsey Press, 1989.

Garon, Ross. "Pow Wow! Native American Indians' Contributions to Society." Scholastic Update, May 26, 1989, p. 4.

Hieronimus, Robert. America's Secret Destiny: Spiritual Vision and the Founding of a Nation. Rochester, Vt.: Destiny Books, 1989.

Grinde, Donald A., Jr. "Iroquoian Political Concept and the Genesis of American Government: Further Research and Contentions." Northeast Indian Quarterly 6:4(Winter, 1989)., pp. 10-21.

Johansen. "William James Sidis' Tribes and States: An Unpublished Exploration of Native American Contributions to Democracy." Northeast Indian Quarterly Spring/Summer 1989, pp. 16-20.

Johansen. "Debate: Indians & Democracy." Akwesasne Notes 21:2 (Spring, 1989), pp. 19-20, 23.

Marcus, Robert D. and David Burner. America Firsthand: Readings in American History. Volume 1: From Settlement to Reconstruction. New York: St, Martin's Press, 1989.

(*) McClard, Megan and George Ypsilantis. Hiawatha and the Iroquois League. Alvin Josephy's Biography Series of American Indians. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Silver Burdett Press/Simon & Schuster, 1989.

(*) O'Brien, Sharon. American Indian Tribal Governments. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1989.

(*) Resnik, Judith. "Dependent Sovereigns: Indian Tribes, States, and the Federal Courts." University of Chicago Law Review 56 (Spring, 1989), p. 671.

Seaborne, Adrian and David Evans. Canada and its Pacific Neighbours. Edmonton, Alberta: Weigl Educational Publishers Ltd., 1989.

Stineback, David. Review of Forgotten Founders [1982, 1987] in American Indian Quarterly (spring, 1989), pp. 192-194.

Venables, Robert W. "The Founding Fathers: Choosing to be the Romans." Northeast Indian Quarterly 6:4(Winter, 1989), pp. 30-55.

Wagner, Sally Roesch. "The Root of Oppression is the Loss of Memory: The Iroquois and the Early Feminist Vision." Akwesasne Notes 21:1(Late winter, 1989), p. 11.

Newspapers and Magazines

__________. "How the Indians Solve Their Problems." USA Today, February 9, 1989, p. 8-A.

(*) Ames. Lynne. "Interfaith Chapter Marks its 30th Year." New York Times [Westchester Weekly Desk], p. 12-WC, May 7, 1989.

Bauer, Peter. "Adirondack Life Awards: Historic Preservation," Adirondack Life, Feb., 1989, pp. 60-62.

Beck, Barbara. "Tribal Pursuits: A Thanksgiving Tribute to Native Americans." Philadelphia Daily News, Nov. 24, 1989, p. 86.

Brown, Bruce. "A Native American Sampler." Washington Post Book World, May 17, 1989, p. 6.

Cox, Patrick. "Banning Peyote Use Would be Injustice." USA Today, November 10, 1989, p. 14-A.

Drummond, Tammerlin. "Inauguration is Time of Opportunity...Native American Writes Poetically of U.S. Emblem." St. Petersburg Times, January 20, 1989, p. 1.

(*) Folkdal, Kirsten. "Democracy in U. S. Affected by Iroquois, Says Speaker." The California Aggie, December 4, 1989, p. 3. Flynn, Johnny P. "Pass the Turkey...and the Medicine, the Laws..." Los Angeles Times [op-ed pages], November 23, 1989, p. B-11.

Goodman, Howard, "An Age-old Ceremony of Peace for the Planet," Philadelphia Inquirer, May 2, 1989, pp. B-1, B-2.

Grenard, Steve. "Surprise! We Got Our Constitution From An Indian Tribe." National Enquirer, January 17, 1989, p. 36.

Hall, C. Ray. "Q and A Test, U.S. Constitution." Louisville Courier-Journal, September 17, 1989, p. 10-M[Magazine].

Hilderbrand, John. "Anti-minority Bias Seen in State Education Guides." Newsday, July 29, 1989, p. 7.

Johansen. "Indian Culture Played Part in Founding of Democracy." Omaha World-Herald, Dec. 31, 1989, p. 21-A.

Mathewson, Judy. [Untitled; dispatch of States News Service] October 3, 1989; found in LEXIS.

Reid, T.R. "A Century After the Indian Wars, Clash Over Sovereignty Persists." Washington Post, March 5, 1989, p. A-1.

Weatherford, Jack. "Indians and the 4th [of July]." Baltimore Evening Sun, July 3, 1989.

Weiner, Mark. "Onondagas Again Hold Wampum Belts." Sunday [Syracuse] Herald-American and Post-Standard, October 22, 1989, p. A-1.

Other Items

  1. Personal correspondence, Grinde to Deloria, October 25, 1989, describing Grinde's appearance at the annual conference on Iroquois Studies near Albany in the fall of 1989. During this conference, Grinde spent nearly four hours supporting the "influence thesis" in front of an audience that included most of the idea's harshest critics, the group that Deloria [1992] refers to as the "old-boys network of Iroquois studies." Grinde said that William Fenton, "dean" of the group, told him that "it was the best-presented paper at the conference ever." Files contain transcripts of interviews done after that session by Catherine Stifter, a San Francisco radio producer, in which she questions Grinde and the ideas' major antagonists extensively. These interviews are described in Johansen and Grinde, "Recent Historiography," [1990]. An audio tape of programs developed on the this issue by Stifter is available.

  2. Program, discussion on Forgotten Founders by Johansen, First Unitarian Church of Omaha, March 5, 1989.

  3. Flier, "The Iroquois Roots of American Democracy and Early Feminism," presentation at the University of California -- Davis, by Sally Roesch Wagner and Grinde, November 30, 1989.

  4. (*) Lecture Outline, Sally Roesch Wagner, "From the Iroquois to Oz: The Other American Dream," prepared for presentation at Fullerton (Nebraska) High School, April 17, 1989, sponsored by the Nebraska Committee for the Humanities. Wagner discussed the utopian society envisioned by L. Frank Baum in his Oz books and asserts that Matilda Joslyn Gage, his mother-in-law, who told him of Iroquois society and rituals. Some of the imagery in the Oz fantasy is said to resemble Iroquois myth and ceremonial symbols, such as False Faces.

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