This graphic applies the visualization methods created by
Economy Map, in order
to visualize data developed by CREEA,
a project of the European Union’s 7th Framework Programme
for Research and Technological Development (FP7), using
EXIOBASE 2.1. A version of this
graphic was published in CREEA’s
The Global Resource Footprint of Nations.
HOW TO INTERPRET THE GRAPHIC
Each of the dark orange blocks represents one industry sector in
the global economy. For each sector, the total height of the
block represents the proportion of total, economy-wide extraction
or impacts that are caused, directly or indirectly, by the
The shape of each block shows, on the left, what proportion of
the extraction or impacts caused by the sector’s activities
occur upstream or on site and, on the right, what proportion
occur in response to industry demand or final consumption demand
The flow lines show how the economic demand pulls material
through the economy, driving extraction. On the far left, all of
the sectors’ direct extraction or impacts are collected and
ranked to show which sectors are most directly responsible. On
the far right, all of the final consumption demand is collected
and ranked to show the proportion of total extraction or impacts
that occurs in response to consumption demand for the output of
each sector in the economy.
SECTORS ORGANIZED BY SUPPLY CHAIN
In this layout, individual sectors have been manually organized
into supply chain groups (each surrounded by a dotted line). A
supply chain is understood as a group of sectors that tend to
have more economic transactions with each other than with other
sectors in the economy, as a whole.
For each supply chain, the extraction that occur as a direct
result of the activities of all sectors in the supply chain is
indicated as a percentage of economy-wide total extraction.
For example, the group of sectors that generally make up the
Construction & Materials supply chain (Sand and Clay, Wood,
Stone, Construction, etc.) are collectively estimated to cause
±46% of total extraction as a result of their activities.
The group of sectors that generally make up the Food &
Agriculture supply chain (Crops, Cereal grains, Cattle, Food
products,etc.) are collectively estimated to cause ±26% of
total extraction as a result of their activities.
MAKING SENSE OF FINAL CONSUMPTION
The large orange block at the right of the graphic represents the
total final consumption demand in the economy: the total economic
demand for goods and services from households, government, and
exports. All of the extraction or impacts that occur in the
economy occur in response, ultimately, to this economic demand,
and the height of the bar is equal to the total domestic
extraction that occurs in the economy as a result: the
‘footprint’ of the economy.
The thickness of each of the flow lines connecting final demand
to a sector in the economy represents the proportion of total
domestic extraction that occurs in response to final demand for
the output of that sector.
For example, consumption demand for Construction is estimated to
be the largest driver, by far, of domestic material extractoin,
followed by consumption demand for Public administrion and
consumption demand for Food products. Intermediate flow lines
show how this demand filters up through the economy.